High blood pressure (hypertension) is a common disease that usually appears in people over 40-50 years and may have, if not controlled properly, serious long-term consequences
Firstly, hypertension damages the wall of main vessels of the heart, brain, legs … etc.., Due to this injury, there is less blood flow in these organs and in the long term, serious consequences such as angina / heart attack, stroke and severe circulation problems in the legs can appear.
Secondly, the heart of hypertensive patient beats against this high pressure vessels and this can lead to long-term consequences such as ventricular hypertrophy and heart failure. This diseases can be easily detected in their initial forms with cardiac doppler ultrasound.
Several studies have demonstrated that arterial hypertension increases the risk of adverse cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction, stroke …. etc..) and this risk is directly related to the degree of hypertension
Taking these tables into account, we must achieve certain blood pressure values to reduce the cardiovascular risk
Desired values of blood pressure according to the European Guidelines in 2012:
It is therefore necessary to consider these values and make periodical determinations of blood pressure and, in many cases, ambulatory 24h blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) to check also night bllod pressure values
In summary, hypertension is a common disease in developed countries that can led to long-term cardiovascular consequences. Fortunately, early diagnosis and treatment is very effective to prevent its consequences.