In Cardioclínic there is an agreement also with other insurances: AEGON, AGRUPACIÓ MÚTUA, ALLIANZ, ASEFA, ASSISTÈNCIA SANITÀRIA, GENERALLI, GROUPAMA, MEDIFIATC i MUTUA GENERAL DE CATALUNYA.
Angina (or angina pectoris) is a symptom caused by coronary artery disease of the heart. The heart it is a muscle that needs oxygen and nutrients to work propperly. This oxygen and nutrients come through the coronary arteries (arteries of approximately 2 to 4 mm diameter). Because of age and especially because of the so-called cardiovascular risk factors (smoking, cholesterol, diabetes, hypertension, obesity … etc..) fat and other substances can settle on the walls of these arteries generating narrower zones (called stenosis) that limit the normal blood flow blood. At rest the flow through these narrow areas may be sufficient to maintain the function of heart cells. However during effort, when the heart needs more oxygen and nutrients to beat faster and harder. Thus, if the narrowing is significant (approximately 70% of the diameter of the artery or more), during effort not enough blood reaches the heart cells and angina pectoris appears.
The most common symptom is pain during exercise in the center of the chest or in the stomach region that may spread to the neck / jaw, shoulder and left arm or other areas. Chest is very often accompanied by cold sweat. Symptoms usually go away when you stop making the effort.
If angina is not diagnosed and treated early, these lesions of the coronary arteries may progress, symptoms can appear with minimal exercise and eventually become a complete blockage of the artery leading to an infarction.
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a common disease that usually appears in people over 40-50 years and may have, if not controlled properly, serious long-term consequences
Firstly, hypertension damages the wall of main vessels of the heart, brain, legs … etc.., Due to this injury, there is less blood flow in these organs and in the long term, serious consequences such as angina / heart attack, stroke and severe circulation problems in the legs can appear.
Secondly, the heart of hypertensive patient beats against this high pressure vessels and this can lead to long-term consequences such as ventricular hypertrophy and heart failure. This diseases can be easily detected in their initial forms with cardiac doppler ultrasound.
Several studies have demonstrated that arterial hypertension increases the risk of adverse cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction, stroke …. etc..) and this risk is directly related to the degree of hypertension
Taking these tables into account, we must achieve certain blood pressure values to reduce the cardiovascular risk
Desired values of blood pressure according to the European Guidelines in 2012:
It is therefore necessary to consider these values and make periodical determinations of blood pressure and, in many cases, ambulatory 24h blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) to check also night bllod pressure values
In summary, hypertension is a common disease in developed countries that can led to long-term cardiovascular consequences. Fortunately, early diagnosis and treatment is very effective to prevent its consequences.